poaching of the Asian elephant for ivory has
severely and seriously depleted its population.
Male tuskers are the main quarry of poachers
thus adversely affecting the animals' sex ratio.
During 1994-1998, more than 100 cases were
reported from the Southern States of India
alone. Several other species such as the
pangolin and civets are slaughtered for their
parts to be used in tribal medicine.
from a number of African countries indicate
there's a rise in poaching. In Kenya's Tsavo
National Park, 29 elephants were killed for
their ivory in 1999. This is five times the
average annual total during the previous six
reports from Zimbabwe claim that poachers killed
at least 350 elephants in the country last year,
with 31 killed in a single park in just two
Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), a
non-profit environmental group based in London,
England and Washington, DC, paved the way for
the adoption of the international trade ban in
1990 with a two year undercover investigation
exposing the illegal ivory trade. Now EIA fears
substantial quantities of illicit ivory are on
the move again.
1989, governments that are parties to the
Convention on International Trade in Endangered
Species (CITES) voted overwhelmingly to ban the
ivory trade. While 76 countries supported the
ban, only 11 opposed it, and thus it came into
force on January 17, 1990.